Società Italiana di Terapia Comportamentale e Cognitiva

Alcune pubblicazioni recenti sulla Psicopatologia Sperimentale

Alcune pubblicazioni recenti sulla Psicopatologia Sperimentale

Clinical Psychology Review

Positive Emotion Regulation in Emotional Disorders: A Theoretical Review

Jenna R. Carl, David P. Soskin, Caroline Kerns, David H. Barlow

Highlights

? Positive emotions are an under studied topic in research for emotional disorders ? Disturbances in positive emotion regulation occur across anxiety and mood disorders ? Treatment strategies may be adapted to target the regulation of positive emotions

Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: A review of imagery measures and a guiding framework

David G. Pearson, Catherine Deeprose, Sophie M.A. Wallace-Hadrill, Stephanie Burnett Heyes, Emily A. Holmes

Highlights

? Mental imagery is of potential interest and relevance across clinical disorders. ? We highlight the key domains and measures for assessing mental imagery. ? We propose a guiding framework for the selection of measures in clinical research. ? Exploring mental imagery will help drive forward advances in theory and treatment.

Sleep disturbance and cognitive deficits in bipolar disorder: Toward an integrated examination of disorder maintenance and functional impairment

Elaine M. Boland, Lauren B. Alloy

Highlights

? We discuss the high prevalence of sleep disruption during the euthymic phase of bipolar disorder. ?Executive functioning, verbal learning and attention deficits persist in the euthymic phase. ? Cognitive deficits in sleep disorders/sleep-deprived subjects are similar to bipolar disorder. ? An integration of sleep and neurocognitive research is proposed. ? Endogenous cognitive endophenotypes and sleep-mediated cognitive endophenotypes may co-exist.

A multi-sample confirmatory factor analysis of PTSD symptoms: What exactly is wrong with the DSM-IV structure?

Grant N. Marshall, Terry L. Schell, Jeremy N.V. Miles

Highlights

? The symptom structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is controversial. ? The difference between the Numbing and Dysphoria models has been mischaracterized. ? Non-clinical factors may underlie the seeming misfit of the DSM-IV model of PTSD. ? Proposed revisions to the forthcoming DSM-5 may be misguided.

Attachment in old age: Theoretical assumptions, empirical findings and implications for clinical practice

Lies Van Assche, Patrick Luyten, Ronny Bruffaerts, Philippe Persoons, Lucas van de Ven, Mathieu Vandenbulcke

Highlights

? Attachment as biobehavioral system offers a valuable perspective on aging. ? We provide a qualitative review of empirical research from 1983 to 2012. ? Number and type of attachment figures, but also quality of attachment alter. ? Attachment has an impact on psychosocial functioning in old age. ? Methodological limitations preclude drawing strong conclusions.

Cognition and Emotion

Implicit theories of emotion shape regulation of negative affect


Andreas Kappes & Andra Schikowski

Losing control, literally: Relations between anger control, trait anger, and motor control


Konrad Bresin & Michael D. Robinson

Is believing seeing? The role of emotion-related beliefs in selective attention to affective cues

Paul A. Dennis & Amy G. Halberstadt

Selective memory bias for self-threatening memories in trait anxiety
Jo Saunders

What is shared, what is different? Core relational themes and expressive displays of eight positive emotions


Belinda Campos, Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner, Gian C. Gonzaga & Jennifer L. Goetz

Emotion regulation characteristics and cognitive vulnerabilities interact to predict depressive symptoms in individuals at risk for bipolar disorder: A prospective behavioural high-risk study

Jonathan P. Stange, Angelo S. Boccia, Benjamin G. Shapero, Ashleigh R. Molz, Megan Flynn, Lindsey M. Matt, Lyn Y. Abramson & Lauren B. Alloy 

Contextual memory, psychosis-proneness, and the experience of intrusive imagery

Daniel A. Glazer, Oliver Mason, John A. King & Chris R. Brewin


Do sadness-primes make me work harder because they make me sad?

Ruta Lasauskaite, Guido H. E. Gendolla & Nicolas Silvestrini

Cognition

Cognitive style in bipolar disorder sub-types   


Kathryn Fletcher, Gordon Parker, Vijaya Manicavasagar

A non-mentalistic cause-based heuristic in human social evaluations

Marine Buon, Pierre Jacob, Elsa Loissel, Emmanuel Dupoux

Highlights

? We studied how causal and intentional cues are integrated into moral judgment. ? Adults under normal or cognitive load conditions judged different situations of harm. ? In normal conditions, judgments are primarily based on agents’ intention. ? Under cognitive load, judgments are primarily based on agents’ causal roles. ?Morality is first guided by a cause-based heuristic; integrating intentions is costly.

Personality and individual differences

The latent structure of decision styles

Chris Dewberry, Marie Juanchich, Sunitha Narendran

Highlights

? We propose a model of the structure of decision-making styles. ? The model differentiates between core and regulatory decision styles. ? Two cross-sectional studies are carried out to investigate the model. ? Support for the model is found in both studies.

The moderating effect of humor style on the relationship between interpersonal predictors of suicide and suicidal ideation

Raymond P. Tucker, LaRicka R. Wingate, Victoria M. O’Keefe, Meredith L. Slish, Matt R. Judah, Sarah Rhoades-Kerswill

Highlights

? Affiliative and self-enhancing humor style are protective against suicidal ideation. ? Aggressive and self-defeating humor relates to higher levels of suicidal ideation. ? Affiliative humor style buffers against interpersonal suicide risk. ? Self-defeating humor style exacerbates interpersonal suicide risk.

Impact of fearful expression on danger processing: The influence of the level of trait anxiety

Estelle Longin, Gilles Rautureau, Fernando Perez-Diaz, Roland Jouvent, Stéphanie Dubal

Highlights

? We examined threat detection in natural scenes preceded by a facial expression. ? Anxious participants detected threat more rapidly than non anxious participants. ? Threat detection was enhanced with a fearful expression in anxious individuals.

Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

Predictive validity of explicit and implicit threat overestimation in contamination fear

Jennifer S. Green, Bethany A. Teachman

Highlights

? Explicit and implicit threat overestimation variables have differential predictive validity. ? A latent explicit threat overestimation variable predicts contamination fear symptoms, distress, and state cognitions. ? A latent implicit threat overestimation variable predicts behavioral avoidance.

Symptom dimensions in OCD and their association with clinical characteristics and comorbid disorders

Lokesh Prabhu, Anish V. Cherian, Biju Viswanath, Thennarasu Kandavel, Suresh Bada Math, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy

Highlights

? Earlier age of onset is associated with sexual/religious and symmetry dimensions. ? Contamination is associated with female sex, illness severity, and poorer insight. ? Aggression dimension is associated with presence of anxiety disorders. ? OCD symptom dimensions have specific association with clinical characteristics. ? Symptom dimensions may have to be included in DSM-5 text to characterize OCD.

Personality

 A preliminary investigation of impulsivity in generalized anxiety disorder

Elizabeth J. Pawluk, Naomi Koerner

Highlights

? This study examined the association of impulsivity to GAD status and GAD severity. ? Impulsivity predicted GAD over and above intolerance of uncertainty (IU). ? Negative urgency, lower functional impulsivity and IU uniquely predicted GAD. ? Findings are discussed in relation to existing psychological theories of GAD.

2012 

Cognition

Thinking like a scientist: Innateness as a case study

Joshua Knobe, Richard Samuels

Highlights

? Three studies show that moral judgments can affect judgments about whether a trait is innate. ? A large-scale study compared trained researchers (n=1506) to other participants (n=5043). ? In conditions that encourage case-based thinking, even researchers show an impact of morality. ? In conditions that encourage principled thinking, the effect is reduced in all participants.

Eating disorder and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a sample of bulimic women: Perfectionism as a mediating factor

Rebecca A. Bernert, Kiara R. Timpano, Carol B. Peterson, Scott J. Crow, Anna M. Bardone-Cone, Daniel le Grange, Marjorie Klein, Ross D. Crosby, James E. Mitchell, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Thomas E. Joiner

Highlights

? Perfectionism as a mediator between obsessive–compulsive and eating disorder symptoms. ? Higher ED symptoms were linked to greater perfectionism and greater OC symptoms. ? Perfectionism mediated the relationship between elevated OC and ED symptoms. ? Perfectionism may serve as a shared etiological feature among ED and OC symptoms.

Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

An Investigation of Executive Functioning, Attention and Working Memory in Compulsive Hoarding

Sandra G. McMillan, Clare S. Rees, Carmela Pestell

Worry and Rumination in Anorexia Nervosa

Helen Startup, Anna Lavender, Anna Oldershaw, Richard Stott, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure and Ulrike Schmidt

A Clinical Investigation of Motivation to Change Standards and Cognitions about Failure in Perfectionism

Sarah J. Egan, Jan P. Piek, Murray J. Dyck, Clare S. Rees and Martin S. Hagger

Patterns of Reassurance Seeking and Reassurance-Related Behaviours in OCD and Anxiety Disorders

Osamu Koboria and Paul M. Salkovskis

The Contribution of Experiential Avoidance and Social Cognitions in the Prediction of Social Anxiety

Brittain L. Mahaffey,Michael G. Wheaton,Laura E. Fabricant,Noah C. Berman and Jonathan S. Abramowitz 

Depression and Anxiety Following Psychosis: Associations with Mindfulness and Psychological Flexibility

Ross G. White,Andrew I. Gumley,Jacqueline McTaggart,Lucy Rattrie,Deirdre McConville,Seonaid Cleare and Gordon Mitchell

The Role of Emotion in PTSD: Two Preliminary Studies

Mick J. Power and Claire Fyvie

Effects of Appraisals of Anomalous Experience on Distress in People at Risk of Psychosis

Hannah E. Taylor,Sophie Parker,Warren Mansell and Anthony P. Morrison

Cognition and Emotion

Depression reduces perceptual sensitivity for positive words and pictures

Ruth Ann Atchley, Stephen S. Ilardi, Keith M. Young, Natalie N. Stroupe, Aminda J. O’Hare, Steven L. Bistricky, Elizabeth Collison, Linzi Gibson, Jonathan Schuster & Rebecca J. Lepping

 

The effects of trait and state anxiety on attention to emotional images: An eye-tracking study

Leanne Quigley, Andrea L. Nelson, Jonathan Carriere, Daniel Smilek & Christine Purdon

Getting stuck in depression: The roles of rumination and emotional inertia

Peter Koval, Peter Kuppens, Nicholas B. Allen & Lisa Sheeber

Interrelationships between spider fear associations, attentional disengagement and self-reported fear: A preliminary test of a dual-systems model

Allison J. Ouimet, Adam S. Radomsky & Kevin C. Barber

Sensitivity to reward and punishment in major depressive disorder: Effects of rumination and of single versus multiple experiences

Anson J. Whitmer, Michael J. Frank & Ian H. Gotlib

Trends in cognitive science

Automaticity in social-cognitive processes

John A. Bargh, Kay L. Schwader, Sarah E. Hailey, Rebecca L. Dyer, Erica J. Boothby

Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

Flaws and all: Exploring partner-focused obsessive-compulsive symptoms

Guy Doron, Danny S. Derby, Ohad Szepsenwol, Dahlia Talmor

Highlights

? We investigated obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms focusing on one’s partner’s flaws. ? The Partner Related Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Inventory (PROCSI) was developed. ? Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were undertaken. ? The expected links between the PROCSI and relevant variables were found. ? Partner-focused OC symptoms constitute an important theme for further research.

Mental contamination in obsessive–compulsive disorder

Anna E. Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, Debbie Knibbs, S. Jack Rachman

Highlights

? We examined mental contamination in people with OCD symptoms. ? Fourty-six percent experienced feeling dirty in the absence of physical contact with a contaminant. ? Mental contamination was associated with OCD symptoms and thought-action fusion. ? Mental contamination overlapped with, but was distinct from, contact contamination.

Cognitive appraisals and quality of life in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder

Ajay Kumar, Mahendra P. Sharma, Thennarasu Kandavel, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy

Highlights

? Patients with OCD had poorer quality of life (QOL) than the normal controls. ? Cognitive appraisals contributed to poorer psychological QOL in patients with OCD. ? Cognitive appraisals should be addressed to improve QOL in patients with OCD.

Phenomenology of hoarding—What is hoarded by individuals with hoarding disorder?

Christopher Mogan, Michael Kyrios, Isaac Schweitzer, Keong Yap, Richard Moulding

Highlights

? Systematic examination of what objects hoarders actually hoard. ? Differential presentation of hoarding across clinical and non-clinical groups. ? Hoarders more likely to collect in idiosyncratic and personalized patterns.

Assessing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): A review of self-report measures

Mathilde K. Overduin, Adrian Furnham

Highlights

? OCD is a heterogeneous disorder that tends to be comorbid with other mental disorders. ? Assessment tools of OCD need to take these diagnostic complexities into account. ? Measures also need to be compatible with the multidimensional symptom structure of OCD. ? This paper provides a critical review of 10 self-report OCD measures used with adults. ? Hence, this is a resource for researchers and clinicians for optimal selection of OCD measures.

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