Alcune pubblicazioni recenti sulla Psicopatologia Sperimentale
Clinical Psychology Review
Jenna R. Carl, David P. Soskin, Caroline Kerns, David H. Barlow
? Positive emotions are an under studied topic in research for emotional disorders ? Disturbances in positive emotion regulation occur across anxiety and mood disorders ? Treatment strategies may be adapted to target the regulation of positive emotions
David G. Pearson, Catherine Deeprose, Sophie M.A. Wallace-Hadrill, Stephanie Burnett Heyes, Emily A. Holmes
? Mental imagery is of potential interest and relevance across clinical disorders. ? We highlight the key domains and measures for assessing mental imagery. ? We propose a guiding framework for the selection of measures in clinical research. ? Exploring mental imagery will help drive forward advances in theory and treatment.
Elaine M. Boland, Lauren B. Alloy
? We discuss the high prevalence of sleep disruption during the euthymic phase of bipolar disorder. ?Executive functioning, verbal learning and attention deficits persist in the euthymic phase. ? Cognitive deficits in sleep disorders/sleep-deprived subjects are similar to bipolar disorder. ? An integration of sleep and neurocognitive research is proposed. ? Endogenous cognitive endophenotypes and sleep-mediated cognitive endophenotypes may co-exist.
Grant N. Marshall, Terry L. Schell, Jeremy N.V. Miles
? The symptom structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is controversial. ? The difference between the Numbing and Dysphoria models has been mischaracterized. ? Non-clinical factors may underlie the seeming misfit of the DSM-IV model of PTSD. ? Proposed revisions to the forthcoming DSM-5 may be misguided.
Lies Van Assche, Patrick Luyten, Ronny Bruffaerts, Philippe Persoons, Lucas van de Ven, Mathieu Vandenbulcke
? Attachment as biobehavioral system offers a valuable perspective on aging. ? We provide a qualitative review of empirical research from 1983 to 2012. ? Number and type of attachment figures, but also quality of attachment alter. ? Attachment has an impact on psychosocial functioning in old age. ? Methodological limitations preclude drawing strong conclusions.
Cognition and Emotion
Andreas Kappes & Andra Schikowski
Konrad Bresin & Michael D. Robinson
Paul A. Dennis & Amy G. Halberstadt
Belinda Campos, Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner, Gian C. Gonzaga & Jennifer L. Goetz
Jonathan P. Stange, Angelo S. Boccia, Benjamin G. Shapero, Ashleigh R. Molz, Megan Flynn, Lindsey M. Matt, Lyn Y. Abramson & Lauren B. Alloy
Daniel A. Glazer, Oliver Mason, John A. King & Chris R. Brewin
Ruta Lasauskaite, Guido H. E. Gendolla & Nicolas Silvestrini
Kathryn Fletcher, Gordon Parker, Vijaya Manicavasagar
Marine Buon, Pierre Jacob, Elsa Loissel, Emmanuel Dupoux
? We studied how causal and intentional cues are integrated into moral judgment. ? Adults under normal or cognitive load conditions judged different situations of harm. ? In normal conditions, judgments are primarily based on agents’ intention. ? Under cognitive load, judgments are primarily based on agents’ causal roles. ?Morality is first guided by a cause-based heuristic; integrating intentions is costly.
Personality and individual differences
Chris Dewberry, Marie Juanchich, Sunitha Narendran
? We propose a model of the structure of decision-making styles. ? The model differentiates between core and regulatory decision styles. ? Two cross-sectional studies are carried out to investigate the model. ? Support for the model is found in both studies.
Raymond P. Tucker, LaRicka R. Wingate, Victoria M. O’Keefe, Meredith L. Slish, Matt R. Judah, Sarah Rhoades-Kerswill
? Affiliative and self-enhancing humor style are protective against suicidal ideation. ? Aggressive and self-defeating humor relates to higher levels of suicidal ideation. ? Affiliative humor style buffers against interpersonal suicide risk. ? Self-defeating humor style exacerbates interpersonal suicide risk.
Estelle Longin, Gilles Rautureau, Fernando Perez-Diaz, Roland Jouvent, Stéphanie Dubal
? We examined threat detection in natural scenes preceded by a facial expression. ? Anxious participants detected threat more rapidly than non anxious participants. ? Threat detection was enhanced with a fearful expression in anxious individuals.
Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Jennifer S. Green, Bethany A. Teachman
? Explicit and implicit threat overestimation variables have differential predictive validity. ? A latent explicit threat overestimation variable predicts contamination fear symptoms, distress, and state cognitions. ? A latent implicit threat overestimation variable predicts behavioral avoidance.
Lokesh Prabhu, Anish V. Cherian, Biju Viswanath, Thennarasu Kandavel, Suresh Bada Math, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy
? Earlier age of onset is associated with sexual/religious and symmetry dimensions. ? Contamination is associated with female sex, illness severity, and poorer insight. ? Aggression dimension is associated with presence of anxiety disorders. ? OCD symptom dimensions have specific association with clinical characteristics. ? Symptom dimensions may have to be included in DSM-5 text to characterize OCD.
Elizabeth J. Pawluk, Naomi Koerner
? This study examined the association of impulsivity to GAD status and GAD severity. ? Impulsivity predicted GAD over and above intolerance of uncertainty (IU). ? Negative urgency, lower functional impulsivity and IU uniquely predicted GAD. ? Findings are discussed in relation to existing psychological theories of GAD.
Joshua Knobe, Richard Samuels
? Three studies show that moral judgments can affect judgments about whether a trait is innate. ? A large-scale study compared trained researchers (n=1506) to other participants (n=5043). ? In conditions that encourage case-based thinking, even researchers show an impact of morality. ? In conditions that encourage principled thinking, the effect is reduced in all participants.
Rebecca A. Bernert, Kiara R. Timpano, Carol B. Peterson, Scott J. Crow, Anna M. Bardone-Cone, Daniel le Grange, Marjorie Klein, Ross D. Crosby, James E. Mitchell, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Thomas E. Joiner
? Perfectionism as a mediator between obsessive–compulsive and eating disorder symptoms. ? Higher ED symptoms were linked to greater perfectionism and greater OC symptoms. ? Perfectionism mediated the relationship between elevated OC and ED symptoms. ? Perfectionism may serve as a shared etiological feature among ED and OC symptoms.
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Sandra G. McMillan, Clare S. Rees, Carmela Pestell
Helen Startup, Anna Lavender, Anna Oldershaw, Richard Stott, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure and Ulrike Schmidt
Brittain L. Mahaffey,Michael G. Wheaton,Laura E. Fabricant,Noah C. Berman and Jonathan S. Abramowitz
Ross G. White,Andrew I. Gumley,Jacqueline McTaggart,Lucy Rattrie,Deirdre McConville,Seonaid Cleare and Gordon Mitchell
Mick J. Power and Claire Fyvie
Hannah E. Taylor,Sophie Parker,Warren Mansell and Anthony P. Morrison
Cognition and Emotion
Ruth Ann Atchley, Stephen S. Ilardi, Keith M. Young, Natalie N. Stroupe, Aminda J. O’Hare, Steven L. Bistricky, Elizabeth Collison, Linzi Gibson, Jonathan Schuster & Rebecca J. Lepping
Leanne Quigley, Andrea L. Nelson, Jonathan Carriere, Daniel Smilek & Christine Purdon
Peter Koval, Peter Kuppens, Nicholas B. Allen & Lisa Sheeber
Allison J. Ouimet, Adam S. Radomsky & Kevin C. Barber
Anson J. Whitmer, Michael J. Frank & Ian H. Gotlib
Trends in cognitive science
John A. Bargh, Kay L. Schwader, Sarah E. Hailey, Rebecca L. Dyer, Erica J. Boothby
Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Guy Doron, Danny S. Derby, Ohad Szepsenwol, Dahlia Talmor
? We investigated obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms focusing on one’s partner’s flaws. ? The Partner Related Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Inventory (PROCSI) was developed. ? Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were undertaken. ? The expected links between the PROCSI and relevant variables were found. ? Partner-focused OC symptoms constitute an important theme for further research.
Anna E. Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, Debbie Knibbs, S. Jack Rachman
? We examined mental contamination in people with OCD symptoms. ? Fourty-six percent experienced feeling dirty in the absence of physical contact with a contaminant. ? Mental contamination was associated with OCD symptoms and thought-action fusion. ? Mental contamination overlapped with, but was distinct from, contact contamination.
Ajay Kumar, Mahendra P. Sharma, Thennarasu Kandavel, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy
? Patients with OCD had poorer quality of life (QOL) than the normal controls. ? Cognitive appraisals contributed to poorer psychological QOL in patients with OCD. ? Cognitive appraisals should be addressed to improve QOL in patients with OCD.
Christopher Mogan, Michael Kyrios, Isaac Schweitzer, Keong Yap, Richard Moulding
? Systematic examination of what objects hoarders actually hoard. ? Differential presentation of hoarding across clinical and non-clinical groups. ? Hoarders more likely to collect in idiosyncratic and personalized patterns.
Mathilde K. Overduin, Adrian Furnham
? OCD is a heterogeneous disorder that tends to be comorbid with other mental disorders. ? Assessment tools of OCD need to take these diagnostic complexities into account. ? Measures also need to be compatible with the multidimensional symptom structure of OCD. ? This paper provides a critical review of 10 self-report OCD measures used with adults. ? Hence, this is a resource for researchers and clinicians for optimal selection of OCD measures.